Shalla ON: Writers Bizness


List of Literary Journals to Submit to

AGNI Literary Founded in 1972, the print journal is published twice a year, and we archive a portion of each issue on this site.

Since its inception in 1915, the Best American series has become the premier annual showcase for the country's finest short fiction and nonfiction. For each volume, a series editor reads pieces from hundreds of periodicals, then selects between fifty and a hundred outstanding works. is the website of Harper's Magazine, an American journal of literature, politics, culture, and the arts published continuously from 1850.

Throughout the year, magazine editors submit their issues to The O. Henry Prize Stories series editor, Laura Furman. The stories must be published in Canada or the United States, and originally written in English. Novel excerpts and works in translation are not considered.

The American Library Association is the oldest and largest library association in the world, with more than 64,000 members. Its mission is to promote the highest quality library and information services and public access to information. ALA offers professional services and publications to members and nonmembers, including online news stories from American Libraries and analysis of crucial issues from the Washington Office. Be a part of it—library worker or advocate—join today!


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Literary Journals

The New Yorker


Publisher Directories

Journal for the Arts

2River at http://www.2River.org32 Poems at http://www.32poems.com3rd bed at http://3rdbed.com580 Split at A Journal of Contemporary American Poetry at http://www.hollyridgepress.com96 Inc at http://www.96inc.comA Gathering of the Tribes / Fly by Night Press at Public Space at http://www.apublicspace.orgAbsinthe at http://www.absinthenew.comThe Absinthe Literary Review at http://www.absinthe-literary-review.comAction Books at http://www.actionbooks.orgAfrican American Review at Heritage Press at http://www.africanheritagepress.comAfrican Voices Communications at at Press at http://ahsahtapress.boisestate.eduAkashic Books at http://www.akashicbooks.comAlaska Quarterly Review at James Books at http://www.alicejamesbooks.orgAlimentum- The Literature of Food at http://www.alimentumjournal.comAll Info-About Poetry at http://poetry.allinfo-about.comAlligator Juniper at American Book Review at Letters and Commentary at American Poetry Review at Short Fiction at at http://www.anderbo.comAnhinga Press at Antioch Review at Press at http://www.apalacheereview.orgApogee Press at http://www.apogeepress.comAppalachian Heritage at at http://www.archipelago.orgArchipelago Books at http://www.archipelagobooks.orgArkansas Review at Pulp Press at http://www.arsenalpulp.comArte Público Press at http://www.artepublicopress.comArtful Dodge at at Length at http://www.atlengthmag.comAtomic Quill Press at http://press.atomicquill.comAusable Press at http://www.ausablepress.comBackwards City Review at http://www.backwardscity.netThe Backwaters Press at http://www.thebackwaterspress.homestead.comBallyhoo Stories at http://www.ballyhoostories.comThe Baltimore Review at http://www.baltimorewriters.orgBamboo Ridge at http://www.bambooridge.comBarrelhouse Journal at http://www.barrelhousemag.comBarrow Street at http://www.BarrowStreet.orgBayou at Star Press at http://www.bearstarpress.comBelladonna Books at Literary Review at http://www.BLReview.orgBellingham Review at Beloit Poetry Journal at http://www.bpj.orgBerkeley Fiction Review at Oleander at Issues Book Review at Square Editions at Warrior Review at House Quarterly at http://www.blithe.comBlood and Thunder at http://www.bloodandthunder.orgBloom Magazine at http://www.bloommagazine.orgBlueline at Editions Ltd. at http://www.boaeditions.orgBogg MagazineBomb Magazine at Small Press Quarterly ReviewBookMark Press (BkMk) / New Letters at ","The Boston Review at Dog Press / Heartlands at Briar Cliff Review at Hill Press, Inc at http://www.brighthillpress.orgBroken Pencil at http://www.brokenpencil.comBullfight Media at http://www.bullfightreview.comCabinet at Cafe Irreal at http://www.cafeirreal.comCall: Review at http://www.callreview.netCallaloo at at Online Poetry Project / Painted Bride Quarterly at http://www.pbq.rutgers.eduThe Canary at http://www.canaryriver.comThe Caribbean Writer at http://www.thecaribbeanwriter.comCarolina Quarterly at at http://www.carouselmagazine.caCarve Magazine at http://www.carvezine.comCavanKerry Press, Ltd at http://www.cavankerrypress.comChain Magazine / ‘A ‘A Arts at at http://www.chatoyant.comThe Chattahoochee Review at http://www.chattahoochee-review.orgChelseaChicago Review at Blue Press, Inc at http://www.chicorybluepress.comCimarron Review at Cincinnati Review at http://www.cincinnatireview.comCircumference at http://www.circumferencemag.comCoach House Books at http://www.chbooks.comCodhill Press at http://www.codhill.comCold Mountain Review at http://www.coldmountain.appstate.eduCollege Literature at http://www.collegeliterature.orgColorado Review/Colorado Center for Publishing at http://www.coloradoreview.comColumbia: A Journal of Literature and Art at at http://www.conduit.orgConfrontationConjunctions at http://www.conjunctions.comConnecticut Review at http://www.connecitcutreview.comContrary Magazine at http://www.contrarymagazine.comCool Gorve Publishing, Inc at http://www.coolgrove.comCopper Canyon Press at Cortland Review at http://www.cortlandreview.comCoteau Books at http://www.coteaubooks.comCottonwood MagazineCrab Creek Review at Orchard Review at at Nonfiction at http://www.creativenonfiction.orgCROWD at http://www.crowdmagazine.comCrying Sky: Poetry and ConverstaionCurbstone Press at http://www.curbstone.orgDalkey Archive Press at http://www.dalkeyarchive.comDenver Quarterly at at Michigan Press at http://www.thediagram.comDicey Brown at http://www.diceybrown.comDiner at Press at http://www.dirtpress.comDos Passos ReviewDrunken Boat at http://www.drunkenboat.comDUCKY magazine at http://www.duckymag.comDucts Webzine at http://www.ducts.orgECLIPSE: A Literary JournalEdgar Literary Magazine at http://www.edgarliterarymagazine.comedifice WRECKED at http://www.edificewrecked.comEllipsis at Emergency Press/ The Emergency Almanac at http://www.emergencypress.orgThe Emrys Journal at http://www.emrys.orgEpicenter at http://www.epicentermagazine.orgEPOCH at at at http://euphony.uchicago.edufailbetter at http://www.failbetter.comFC2 at at http://www.fencemag.comFiction at http://www.fictioninc.comFIELD / Oberlin College Press at Madness at http://www.finemadness.orgFinishing Line Press at www.Finishinglinepress.comFire By Nite, LLC at http://www.firebynite.comFirewheel Editions / Sentence at http://firewheel-editions.orgFive Fingers Review at Points at Florida Review at http://www.flreview.comFlume Press at at Way Books at Hills: The SFSU Review at A Magazine of Fiction and Poetry at http://www.friggmagazine.comFrom the Fishouse at http://www.fishousepoems.orgFugue at Press at Magazine at http://www.atticusbooks.comGeist Magazine at http://www.geist.comGeorgetown ReviewThe Georgia Review at Gettysburg Review at http://www.gettysburgreview.comGival Press, LLC at http://givalpress.comGlimmer Train Press at http://www.glimmertrain.comGlobal City Press and Review at Foot at http://www.goodfootmagazine.comGraywolf Press at Marsh Press / The Reading Room at http://www.greatmarshpress.comGreat River Review at http://www.andersoncenter.orgGreen Hills Literary Lantern at Greensboro Review at Grove Review at http://www.thegrovereview.orgGuernica: A Magazine of Art and Politics at http://www.guernicamag.comGulf Coast: A Journal of Literature and Fine Arts at http://www.gulfcoastmag.orgGulf Stream Magazine at Ashbury Literary Journal at Loose at http://www.hangingloosepress.comHarpur Palate at Review at's Ferry Review at http://www.haydensferryreview.orgHazMat Review / Clevis Hook Press at http://www.hazmatlitreview.orgThe Healing Muse at PressHelen Marx Books at Nine Editions at http://www.heliconnine.comHeliotrope at http://www.heliopoems.comHobart at http://www.hobartpulp.comThe Hollins Critic at Planet News at http://www.homeplanetnews.orgHost Publications / The Dirty Goat at http://www.hostpublications.comHotel Amerika at http://www.hotelamerika.netHourglass Books at http://www.hourglassbooks.comThe Hudson Review at http://www.hudsonreview.comHunger Mountain at http://www.hungermtn.orgThe Idaho Review at publishing at http://www.igpub.comImage at Review at Magazine at Iowa Review at Horse Literary ReviewIsotope at's Stories Press Foundation at http://www.janespress.orgJournal of New Jersey Poetsjubilat at http://www.jubilat.orgJunction PressKaleidoscope at http://www.udsakron.orgKalliope: a journal of women's literature amd art at at Press at http://www.kaya.comKelsey Street Press at http://www.kelseyst.comThe Kenyon Review at King's English at http://www.thekingsenglish.orgKitchen Press at http://www.kitchenpresschapbooks.blogspot.comKnock at http://www.knockjournal.orgKonocti BooksKonundrum Engine at http://www.lit.konundrum.comKore Press at http://www.korepress.orgLa Petite Zine at http://www.lapetitezine.orgLake EffectLand-Grant College Review at American Literary Review at http://www.lalrp.orgThe Laurel Review at Dog Press at http://www.leapingdogpress.comLeft Curve Publications at http://www.leftcurve.orgLight at http://www.lightquarterly.comLilies and Cannonballs Review at http://www.liliesandcannonballs.comLilith Magazine at http://www.lilith.orgLipsLit Magazine at Lattü/i> at http://www.literal-latte.comLiteral Magazine at http://www.literalmagazine.comLiterary Imagination at Mama at http://www.literarymama.comLiterary Review at http://www.theliteraryreview.orgLitmus Press / Aufgabe at Forge at http://www.livingforge.comLivingston Press at http://www.livingstonpress.uwa.eduLorraine and James at http://www.lorraineandjames.comLost Horse Press at http://www.losthorsepress.orgLotus Press, Inc at http://www.lotuspress.orgLouisiana Literature at Louisville Review / Fleur-de-Lis Press at http://www.louisvillereview.orgLullwater ReviewLungfull at http://www.lungfull.orgLynx EyeLyric Poetry Review at http://www.lyricreview.orgThe MacGuffin at http://www.macguffin.comMad Hatters' Review at http://www.madhattersreview.comMain Channel Voices at http://MAMMOTH books at ",,"Mandorla: New Writing from the Americas at at http://www.mangroveonline.orgThe Manhattan Review at D Press at Press at http://www.manifoldpress.comManoa at http://www.manoajournal.hawaii.eduMany Mountains Moving at Exploring Modern Magical Realism at http://www.magical-realism.comThe Marlboro Review at http://www.marlbororeview.comMarsh Hawk Press at http://www.marshhawkpress.orgThe Massachusetts Review at http://massreview.orgMcPherson & Company at http://www.mcphersonco.comMcSweeney's at A Forum for New Verse and Poetics at http://www.memorious.orgMercury House at http://www.mercuryhouse.orgMid-American Review at Editions at ","The Minnesota Review at http://theminnesotareview.orgMississippi Review at http://www.mississippireview.comThe Missouri Review at http://www.missourireview.orgMontemayor Press at http://www.montemayorpress.comMoon City Review at Moonwort Review at http://www.themoonwortreview.comMosaic Literary Magazine at at Scene Magazine at http://www.mysteryscenemag.comn+1 Research at http://www.nplusonemag.comNatural Bridge at Writing Alliance / Journal of Ordinary Thought at Delta Review at England Review at New Press at http://www.thenewpress.comNew Rivers Press at http://www.newriverspress.comThe New York Quarterly at http://www.nyquarterly.comNew York Stories at http://www.newyorkstories.orgThe New York Theatre Experience at http://www.newyorktheatreexperience.orgNight Train at http://www.nighttrainmagazine.comNightboat Books, Inc at http://www.nightboat.orgNightshade Press at http://www.keystone.eduNimrod at Letter at http://www.ninthletter.comNo: a Journal of the Arts at http://www.nojournal.comNOONThe North American Review at Atlantic Review at http://www.johnedwardgill.comNorth Carolina Literary Review at Dakota Quarterly at Review at Notre Dame Review at Publishing at http://omnidawn.comOne Story at City at Magazine at http://www.opiummagazine.comOrchid: A Literary Review at http://www.orchidlit.orgOsirisOther Press, LLC at http://www.otherpress.comOther Voices at http://www.othervoicesmagazine.comOut of LinePaper Street Press at http://www.paperstreetpress.orgParakeetParis Press, Inc at http://www.parispress.orgThe Paris Review Foundation, Inc at http://www.theparisreview.comParnassus: Poetry in Review at http://www.parnassuspoetry.comParthenon West Review at http://www.ParthenonWestReview.comPassager at http://www.passagerpress.comThe Paterson Literary Review at Editions at http://www.pearlmag.comPecan Grove Press at Pedestal Magazine at http://www.thepedestalmagazine.comPEN America: A Journal for Writers and Readers at at Press at http://www.perugiapress.comPhantasmagoriaThe Pikestaff PressPilgrimage at http://www.pilgrimagepress.orgPima PressPinball Publishing / eye-rhyme at http://www.pinballpublishing.comPindeldyboz at http://www.pindeldyboz.comPleasure Boat Studio at http://www.pleasureboatstudio.comPleiades and Pleiades Press at at http://www.pshares.orgPMS poemmemoirstory at http://www.pms-journal.orgPoemPoesia / Indian Bay at http://www.indianbaypress.comPOESY Magazine at http://www.poesy.orgPoet Lore at Daily at or http://www.poetrydaily.orgPoetry Flash at http://www.poetryflash.orgPoetry International at http://poetryinternational.sdsu.eduPOETRY Magazine at ","The Poetz Group at http://www.poetz.comPool at http://www.poolpoetry.comPortable Press at Yo-Yo LabsPost Road at http://www.postroadmag.comPotomac Review at Schooner at Publishing at del Sol / Nightjar Press at Publishing at http://www.pulplit.comQuale Press at http://www.quale.comQueer Ramblings at http://www.queerramblings.comQuercus Review at http://www.quercusreview.comQuick Fiction at http://www.jppress.orgRain Taxi at Curve at http://www.rainbowcurve.comRattapallax at at http://www.rattle.comRed Morning Press at http://www.redmorningpress.comRed Rock Review at Press at at Latin American Literature & Arts at http://RFD Press at The Poetry Forum at Gauche at Rose & Thorn at http://www.theroseandthornezine.comRound Magazine at http://www.roundonline.comRUNES / Arctos Press at at http://www.sablelitmag.orgSage of Consciousness at http://www.sageofcon.comThe Saint Ann's Review at http://www.saintanns.k12ny.usSalamander at http://www.salamandermag.orgSalmagundi at Hill at Books at http://www.SarabandeBooks.orgSaturnalia Books at http://www.saturnaliabooks.comThe Seattle Review at Story Books at http://www.2ndstorybooks.comSeneca Review at Sewanee Review at at http://shenandoah.wlu.eduSi Senor at http://www.sisenor.infoSilverfish Review Press at http://www.silverfishreviewpress.comSixteen Rivers Press at http://www.sixteenrivers.orgSkidrow Penthouse/Rain Mountain Press at http://SLAB at http://www.slablitmag.comSlapering Hol Press at http://www.writerscenter.orgSlope / Slope Editions at http://www.slope.orgSlovo / WordSmall Beer Press at http://www.lcrw.netSmall Spiral Notebook at http://www.smallspiralnotebook.comSN Review at http://www.snreview.orgSo to Speak: A Feminist Journal of Language and Art at Skull Press, Inc at http://www.softskull.comSolo Press at Books / Sonaweb / Sona Sounds at http://www.sonaweb.netSounding at http://www.writeonwhidbey.orgSouth Dakota Review at Review at Humanities Review at Poetry Review at http://www.spr.armstrong.eduThe Southern Review at Southwest Review at http://www.southwestreview.orgSpeakeasy at at Jenny at http://www.blackdresspress.comSpire Press at http://www.spirepress.orgThe Spoon River Poetry Review at at http://www.spoutpress.comSpring at Square Table at http://www.thesquaretable.comStar Cloud Press at http://www.cloudbankcreations.comStarcherone Books at Buzzard Press / LactucaStoryQuarterly at http://www.storyquarterly.comStrange Fruit at http://www.thestrangefruit.comSubtropics Magazine at Review at http://www.summersetreview.orgSundry Publishing CompanySwink at http://www.swinkmag.comSycamore Review at Magazine at http://www.tameme.orgTampa Review / U. of Tampa Press at http://tampareview.ut.eduTar River Poetry at Books at http://www.tarragonbooks.comTCG Books at Bach / Spillway at http://www.tebotbach.orgTerra Incognita at http://www.terra-incognita.comTexas Poetry Journal at http://www.texaspoetryjournal.comTheater Magazine at http://www.theatermagazine.comThema at Coast Magazine at A Journal of Spiritual Literature at http://www.tiferetjournal.comTime Being Books at http://www.timebeing.comTin House at http://www.tinhouse..comToadlily Press at http://www.toadlilypress.comTranslation Review at http://www.literarytranslators.orgTrinity University Press at at http://www.triquarterly.comTupelo Press at http://www.tupelopress.orgTurtle Point Press at Review at http://Twelfth Street Review at http://www.twelfthstreet.orgTwo Lines at Rivers Review at Duckling Presse / 6x6 at http://www.uglyducklingpresse.orgUnpleasant Event Schedule at http://www.unpleasanteventschedule.comUpSet Press at http://www.upsetpress.orgVallum at http://www.vallummag.comVehicule Press at http://www.vehiculepress.comVerb at http://www.verb.orgVerbatim Language Quarterly at, Inc at ","The Virginia Quarterly Review at Magazine at http://www.voidmagazine.comWar, Literature & Fine Arts at’aWashington Writers' Publishing House at http://www.wwph.orgWatchword Press at http://www.watchwordpress.orgWaterways / Ten Penny Players, Inc at http://www.tenpennyplayers.orgWater~Stone at Studies at Branch at End PressWestern Humanities Review at Press at http://www.whereaboutspress.comWhit Press at http://www.whitpress.orgWhite Pine Press at http://www.whitepine.orgWild River Review at http://www.buckscountyreview.comWild Strawberries at http://www.wildstrawberries.orgWill Hall Books at http://www.willhallbooks.comWillow Springs at at Poet / Women-in-LiteratureWorcester Review at Riot at http://www.wordriot.orgWord Smitten at http://www.wordsmitten.comWords Without Borders at http://www.wordswithoutborders.orgWritecorner Press at http://www.writecorner.comWriters Against War at http://www.writersagainstwar.comThe Yalobusha Review at Publishing at http://www.zahirtales.comZephyr Press / Adventures in Poetry at Magazine at http://www.zingmagazine.comZone 3 at Magazine at http://www.zoramagazine.com1913 at


Contests for Writers

AIM Magazine Short Story Contest (America's Intercultural Magazine)

The Writer's Digest Contests for International Self-Published Book, Short Short Story, Popular Fiction and Poetry

The following awards are offered by PEN American Center for excellence in literary fiction.

Robert Bingham Fellowship for Writers
The PEN/Robert Bingham Fellowship for Writers ($35,000 a year for two consecutive years) will honor an exceptionally talented fiction writer whose debut work—a first novel or collection of short stories—represents distinguished literary achievement and suggests great promise.

Beyond Margins Award
PEN/Beyond Margins Awards invites submissions of booklength writings by authors of color, published in the United States during the current calendar year. The Beyond Margins Awards were created by PEN American Center's Open Book Committee, a group committed to racial and ethnic diversity within the literary and publishing communities. The awards confer five $1,000 prizes upon African, Arab, Asian, Caribbean, Latino, and Native American authors who have not received wide media coverage.

Phyllis Naylor Working Writer Fellowship
The PEN/Phyllis Naylor Working Writer Fellowship of $5,000 is offered annually to an author of children's or young-adult fiction. The Fellowship has been developed in recognition of the fact that many writers' work is of high literary caliber but has not yet attracted a broad readership. As a result, an author's book may not achieve the sales that would allow the writer to support him or herself solely from writing.

The PEN/Nabokov Award
Honors a living author whose body of work, published in the United States, either written in or translated into English, represents achievement in a variety of literary genres, and is ofenduring originality and consummate craftsmanship ($20,000 biennially in even-numbered years). By internal nomination only.

The Ernest Hemingway Foundation/PEN Award for First Fiction
This award is now administered by PEN New England, a branch of PEN American Center. Click here for submission information or visit the PEN New England web site. All inquiries for this award should be directed to PEN New England: (617) 824-8820. Please do not send books for the Hemingway Award to PEN American Center in New York.

The PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction
This award is not administered by PEN American Center. For submission information, please visit PEN/Faulkner or write to:
PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction c/o The Folger Shakespeare Library 201 East Capitol Street, SE Washington, DC 20003

Syndicated Fiction Project
The former Syndicated Fiction Project (now known as The Sound of Writing) is not administered by PEN American Center. For submission information, please write to:
The Sound of Writing P.O. Box 15452 Washington, DC 20003

Directory of Contest for Writers

SHALLA NEWS! Resources for writers

Resources for Writers

The Agents Directory
Rachel Vater

CLMP Directory of Literary Magazines and Presses
lists literary magazines and small publishers

Directory of Little Magazines & Small Presses
lists literary magazines and small publishers

The Forest for the Trees
editor's advice to writers

The Practical Writer
guide to the biz, with literary slant

The Writers Handbook
lists publishers and magazines

Freelance Editors

2nd Draft from Writer's Digest

Courses for Writers presented by Writer's Digest

Join Writers Associations and Affiliations

Whatever you write, there are national organizations for you...

Associated Writing Programs

Asian American Writers Workshop *

Association of American Publishers

Authors Guild

Novelists Inc

PEN American Center (2 literary books)

POETS AND WRITERS Links to National Organizations

Southern California Writers Association A nonprofit organization of diverse writers, our members are involved in a wide variety of areas including articles, essays, web content, children's writing, short stories, novels of all genres, plays, screenwriting, and poetry.

The Association of Authors Representatives AAR

The Women's Writing Guild *

Writers Voice

Writers Guild of America, West

There are magazines and periodicals for you too...

Hemingway Award for a First Novel

Info on the Hemingway Award for a First Novel
Did you know? Shalla is now at Tribe.Net
A Clean Well Lighted Place

Ernest Hemingway

It was late and every one had left the cafe except an old man who sat in the shadow the leaves of the tree made against the electric light. In the day time the street was dusty, but at night the dew settled the dust and the old man liked to sit late because he was deaf and now at night it was quiet and he felt the difference. The two waiters inside the cafe knew that the old man was a little drunk, and while he was a good client they knew that if he became too drunk he would leave without paying, so they kept watch on him.
"Last week he tried to commit suicide," one waiter said.
"He was in despair."
"What about?"
"How do you know it was nothing?"
"He has plenty of money."
They sat together at a table that was close against the wall near the door of the cafe and looked at the terrace where the tables were all empty except where the old man sat in the shadow of the leaves of the tree that moved slightly in the wind. A girl and a soldier went by in the street. The street light shone on the brass number on his collar. The girl wore no head covering and hurried be-side him.
"The guard will pick him up," one waiter said.
"What does it matter if he gets what he's after?"
"He had better get off the street now. The guard will get him. They went by five minutes ago."
The old man sitting in the shadow rapped on his saucer with his glass. The younger waiter went over to him.
"What do you want?"
The old man looked at him. "Another brandy," he said.
"You'll be drunk," the waiter said. The old man looked at him. The waiter went away.
"He'll stay all night," he said to his colleague. "I'm sleepy now. I never get into bed before three o'clock. He should have killed himself last week."
The waiter took the brandy bottle and another saucer from the counter in-side the cafe and marched out to the old man's table. He put down the saucer and poured the glass full of brandy.
"You should have killed yourself last week," he said to the deaf man. The old man motioned with his finger. "A little more," he said. The waiter poured on into the glass so that the brandy slopped over and ran down the stem into the top saucer of the pile. "Thank you," the old man said. The waiter took the bottle back inside the cafe. He sat down at the table with his colleague again.
"He's drunk now," he said.
"He's drunk every night..”
"What did he want to kill himself for?"
"How should I know?"
"How did he do it?"
"He hung himself with a rope."
"Who cut him down?"
"His niece."
"Why did they do it?"
"Fear for his soul."
"How much money has he got?"
"He's got plenty."
"He must be eighty years old."
"Anyway I should say he was eighty.'
"I wish he would go home. I never get to bed before three o'clock. What kind of hour is that to go to bed?"
"He stays up because he likes it."
"He's lonely. I'm not lonely. I have a wife waiting in bed for me." "He had a wife once too."
"A wife would be no good to him now."
"You can't tell. He might be better with a wife."
"His niece looks after him."
"I know. You said she cut him down."
"I wouldn't want to be that old. An old man is a nasty thing."
"Not always. This old man is clean. He drinks without spilling. Even now, drunk. Look at him."
"I don't want to look at him. I wish he would go home. He has no regard for those who must work.".
The old man looked from his glass across the square, then over at the waiters. "Another brandy," he said, pointing to his glass. The waiter who was in a hurry came over.
"Finished," he said, speaking with that omission of syntax stupid people em-ploy when talking to drunken people or foreigners. "No more tonight. Close now." "Another," said the old man.
"No. Finished." The waiter wiped the edge of the table with a towel and shook his head.
The old man stood up, slowly counted the saucers, took a leather coin purse
from his pocket and paid for the drinks, leaving half a peseta tip.
The waiter watched him go down the street, a very old man walking unstead‑
ily but with dignity.
"Why didn't you let him stay and drink?" the unhurried waiter asked. They were putting up the shutters. "It is not half-past two."
"I want to go home to bed."
"What is an hour?"
"More to me than to him."
"An hour is the same."
"You talk like an old man yourself. He can buy a bottle and drink at home." "It's not the same."
"No, it is not," agreed the waiter with a wife. He did not wish to be unjust. He was only in a hurry.
"And you? You have no fear of going home before the usual hour?" "Are you trying to insult me?"
"No, hombre, only to make a joke."
"No," the waiter who was in a hurry said, rising from pulling down the metal shutters. "I have confidence. I am all confidence."
"You have youth, confidence, and a job," the older waiter said. "You have everything."
"And what do you lack?"
"Everything but work."
"You have everything I have."
"No. I have never had confidence and I am not young."
"Come on. Stop talking nonsense and lock up."
"I am of those who like to stay late at the cafe," the older waiter said. "With all those who do not want to go to bed. With all those who need a light for the night."
"I want to go home and into bed."
"We are of two different kinds," the older waiter said. He was not dressed to go home. "It is not only a question of youth and confidence although those things are very beautiful. Each night I am reluctant to close up because there may be some one who needs the cafe."
"Hombre, there are bodegas° open all night long."
"You do not understand. This is a clean and pleasant cafe. It is well lighted. The light is very good and also, now, there are shadows of the leaves." "Good night," said the younger waiter.
"Good night," the other said. Turning off the electric light he continued the conversation with himself. It is the light of course but it is necessary that the place be clean and pleasant. You do not want music. Certainly you do not want music. Nor can you stand before a bar with dignity although that is all that is provided for these hours. What did he fear? It was not fear or dread. It was a nothing that he knew too well. It was all a nothing and a man was nothing too. It was only that and light was all it needed and a certain cleanness and order. Some lived in it and never felt it but he knew it all was nada y pues nada y nada y pues nada°. Our nada who are in nada, nada be thy name thy kingdom nada thy will be nada in nada as it is in nada. Give us this nada our daily nada and nada us our nada as we nada our nadas and nada us not into nada but deliver us from nada; pues nada. Hail nothing full of nothing, nothing is with thee. He smiled and stood before a bar with a shining steam pressure coffee machine.
"What's yours?" asked the barman.
"Otro loco mas," said the barman and turned away.
"A little cup," said the waiter.
The barman poured it for him.
"The light is very bright and pleasant but the bar is unpolished," the waiter said. The barman looked at him but did not answer. It was too late at night for conversation.
"You want another copita?°" the barman asked.
"No, thank you," said the waiter and went out. He disliked bars and bodegas. A clean, well-lighted cafe was a very different thing. Now, without thinking fur­ther, he would go home to his room. He would lie in the bed and finally, with daylight, he would go to sleep. After all, he said to himself, it is probably only insomnia. Many must have it.

1. What besides insomnia makes the older waiter reluctant to go to bed? Comment espe­cially on his meditation with its rutda refrain. Why does he so well understand the old man's need for a cafe? What does the cafe represent for the two of them?
2. Compare the younger waiter and the older waiter in their attitudes toward the old man. Whose attitude do you take to be closer to that of the author? Even though Hemingway does not editorially state his own feelings, how does he make them clear to us?
3. Point to sentences that establish the style of the story. What is distinctive in them? What repetitions of words or phrases seem particularly effective? Does Hemingway seem to favor a simple or an erudite vocabulary?
4. What is the story's point of view? Discuss its appropriateness.